Size: 1668 sq km 641 sq miles).
Location: Northern Tanzania, near the town of Moshi where you can find most famous tribal in Tanzania wachagga- are Bantu-speaking indigenous Africans.
The name Kilimanjaro itself is anonymity adorned in clouds. Meaning of Kilimanjaro, It might mean Mountain of Light, Mountain of Greatness or Mountain of Caravans. The local people, the Wachagga, don’t even have a name for the whole massif, only Kipoo (now known as Kibo) for the familiar snowy peak that stands imperious, overseer of the continent, and the summit of Africa.
Kilimanjaro by any name is a symbol for the convincing attractiveness of East Africa. When you see it, you understand why not only this highest peak on the African continent is; it is also the tallest freestanding mountain in the world, rising in breathtaking isolation from the surrounding coastal scrubland elevation around 900 meters to an imperious 5,895 meters (19,336 feet).
Kilimanjaro is also a largest strata volcano in East Africa and is composed of three separate volcanic funnels, Kibo is the summit and is the highest, Mawenzi with 16,893ft which equal to 5,149m and Shira is the shortest at 13,000ft which is 3,962m, and Uhuru Peak is the highest summit on Kibo’s crater rim. Tanzania National Parks as a governmental agency and the united Nation Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization they listed the height of Uhuru Peak as 19,341ft which equal to 5,895m. That measurement, height is based on a British Ordnance Survey in 1952. Since then, the height has been measured as 19,331ft which equal to 5,892m in the year 1999, 19,327ft which equal to 5,891m in 2008, and 19,318ft which equals to 5,888m in 2014.
Kilimanjaro is one of the world’s most reachable high summits, a bonfire for local and international tourist from around the world. Most tourist mountaineer reaches the crater rim with little more than a walking stick, accurate clothing, and willpower. Also, for all those who make up to Uhuru Peak which is the definite summit or Gillman’s Peak on the lip of the crater, will have earned their climbing certificates for their memories, issued by TANAPA.
At Kilimanjaro, there is so much than the summit. The ascent of the gradient is a virtual climatic world tour, from the tropics to the Arctic. Even before you finish crossing the national park frontier at the 2,700m contour, the cultured foot slopes give the way to lush garden Montana jungle, occupied by cluster of buffalo, bush pigs, Blue monkeys which are not actually blue but grey or black with a white throat, mongooses, Olive baboons, civets, leopards the endangered Abbotâ€™s duiker, and other small antelope and primates. Higher still lies the moorland zone, where a cover of giant heather is studded with otherworldly giant lobelias.
Above 4,000m, a surreal alpine desert supports little life other than a few hardy mosses and lichen. Then, finally, the last vestigial vegetation gives way to a winter wonderland of snow and ice and the amazing exquisiteness of the roof of the continent.
When to Trek
Kilimanjaro has six major habitual trekking routes to the summit and other more demanding mountaineering routes. A day or overnight hikes on the Shira plateau. Nature trails on the lower reaches. Visit the beautiful Chala Crater Lake on the mountains southeastern slopes.
What to do in Kilimanjaro
Best time to climb Kilimanjaro is December to February when the atmospheric phenomenon is clearest and warmest in conditions, but also dry and colder from the month of July-September. Note: when you climb Kilimanjaro, climb slowly to gain your adaptation time and increase your chances of reaching the summit. To avoid altitude sickness, allow a minimum of five nights or more, preferably even more for the climb. Enjoy the beauty of the mountain Kilimanjaro by trekking with Afro Wilderness DMC.